|what happened to humans in last 75 years
|Entrepreneurial Revolution 1976 The Economist by Norman Macrae
|economist survey 1984 future of health for all
|learn about virus with bill gates and davies -app grounded theory
|map human lot at 2020 -machines 260 , new world big ship 520
|economistsports.net economistarts.com universityofstars.com
|zoomuni.net top 16 missing curricula of 2020
|100 questions most pre-digital economists get wrong or fail to ask
|100 ways standardised testing destroys youth's sustainability
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|bri.school -where do you map sdg studies from - bay 1 med sea bay 2 rising asia bay 3 far west bay .
|humanAI edu VIPKID cindy mi, kai-fu lee li ka-shing
|2020 what would adam smith make of man & machine @260
|non virus solution curricula to sustainability goals 1-16
|covid19 5th grade curricula -corona virus
|what would florence make of health servant leadership
|9* Sir Fazle Abed
|borlaug, deming & royal triad of japan uk netherlands kuan yew ka-shing
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|2020s human beings 3rd and last chance
|newest curricula 20.1 corona
|85-25 valuing 9 times healthier human networking absolutely critical
|help co-edit economisthealth.com and 20 blogs of fututurehistory.app
|imagine how different peoples industrial revolution could have been with adam smith
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|Leon Botstein, Soros and other greatest educators of sdg generation
|zoom to tele-education -post corona world
|do you know how to value 3-dimensional economics- of globe, of 200 nations, of top 50 categories
|whats new and old about 75th year of learning how to Unite Nations
|OSUN first global university empowering sdg generation coalitions
|fazle abed and a billion people's favorite education network
|Soros 50 countries
|bezos versus ma- how american peoples lost 4th new economic model
|BU Brac University 2.0 - sdg womens greatest university partnership?
|Agricultural/Rural economics- blunders and freedoms
|ten to follow in india
|RISK's best exponential sources
|will your city change more in 2020s than in last 50 years?
|Do you dare to trust 7 wonders of SDG gen 2030?
|is self-learning possible
|5G ..1G 0G networks & 2030 sustainability of nations
|5G sustainability - FINDINGS
|5G sustainability - CONCLUSIONS
|5G Sustainability - RECOMMENDATIONS
|#newEconforum EconomistAsia.net EconomistAfrica.com ...
|what if teachers were valued more than economists
|valuetrue maths of sustainable systems
|What if most people/families don't need charity but...
|what's cashless banking? examineless education?
|blockchain world war 3 updates -aka will $ disappear before trump's face on it
|Chinese AI according to DC thinktank csis
|future of education & half the world
|Imagine if you never phoned until you smart phoned AND
|what if jfkennedy had met royals of UK japan- sustainability consequences
|mapping how communications revolution would destroy industrial era rules
|50 years of english language economies destroying humanity
|corporate valuation : environmental ai
|Mapping India's 17 most exciting races
|Norman Macrae- hubs of Entrepreneurial Revolution @ The Economist &
|Hong Kong 2019-1996, Ukraine 1999 &
|NEWS of Sustainability Curricula of Population
|show me education -end standard exams
|valuing war & peace- sustainability & goals uniting billions of families
|5G 4G 3G 2G 1G 0G Human Ops of decades since moon landing
|Sustianability's Year 49 The Economist search 30K community rising business & service models
|MIcroeconomics puzzles- 90% of human lot advanced by SMES
|there is not a sustainable place on earth yet- why not?
|G5 4 3 2 1G TC wealth & equality of nations
|UN extinction or trade that is the question.
|AI Health & Safety
|AI Food (for people) Energy (for machine)
|AI Infra Maps - trade webs without walls
|AI music sports arts fashions community heroines
|AI public servant leaders and goodwill valuation
|ai world fund benchmark softbank
|AI smart places - eg shared economies models, big data local
|youth places win-win currency
|Ma's men and women
|Tsinghua #1 DigitalCooperation MIT #2
|2019 Geneva to honor huawei and top 20 of made in the internet
|Celebrating JIm Yong Kim
|Hackhikers guide to girls sdg generation
|18th annual update of hubsworld
|happy 2019- 2'oclock rock on stopping extinction of species
|Do you know womens most valuable lesson from 20th century?
|13 Belt Roads -TUPU
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|10 times more economical health care 1984-2025
|what is world's most valuable resource?
|placegrowth.com - your place will grow or decline 5 fold by 2050- which? how?
|Food security - insects plus
|Sustainability - the most urgent games people will ever play
|AI round the world
|50 years mapping why sustainability needs East to be in top 2 all AI markets by 2025
|what if AI world's robots were programmed by Trump?
|GPLETFORC League of Nations
|This months youthcooperation meetings
|world record job creators before moon landing
|#BR0 young leaders : naturally china largest gdp by 2030 whatever trump does
|China Capitalism - How Women & Youth were asked to Change www sustainability
|supernation economics valuetrue maths crisis: nature values geo & eco systems more than humans
|How can you help students and teachers who discover sustainability's missing solutions?
|Love & Sustainability: NormanMacrae.net remembered by son and grandddaughter
|Listing 100 reasons why big organisations have zero value unless they serve small enterprises
|Huawei wizards number 1 brand
|#BR2 South Asia's Coastal Belt
|EconomistWomen.com - further references
|Year in 2019 from EconomistGreen.com
|questions on NY's AI Now Report
|where can people chat seriously about youth livelihoods
|how to help next 2 years of research of world record jobs
|what supercities does a nation need to sustain fifth of world people and worldwide youth
|Game- choose 5 co-leaders to sustain mother earth
|DigitalCooperation- Sustainability Youth World Trade Flight Map
|Did positive world trade mapping end with silk road 500 years ago
|Can the old world save america's new world
|Why women dont see g7 nations as leading sustainability solutions
|Where do gov value young technologists most
|Case 1 learning from world's largest livelihood educator and cashless bnaker
|Sports Arts top 10 non-sustainable market
|Will USA lose First 100 Nations of Sustainability Status?
|#BR1 East of China &
|Do you know the 10 most disastrous mistakes macroeconomists can make
|universe of world record jobs and sustainability
|#BR6 #TheEconomist do americans want to save humans from extinction?
|#BR10 latin america
|news blockchain & edu belt road
|stories developing for new uni alibabauni and arcticuni ...
|#BR5 #TheEconomist West Europe
|#br3 #theeconomist russia what if america's politicians and media wasted last third of century
|Can Artificials win-win with human Intelligences
|its not social unless its 51% social
|youth's tech glossary to 2023 (2000 times moore e- than 1946)
|sustainability2019-2020- linkin 1000 times moore rising suns with japan
|50 shades of green
|Mapping Sustainabililty WWW 1946-2030
|?Mapping 3 millennia of world trade
|Nobel Dr Yunus did not invent banking for the poor, what he did do...
|How English Failed Democracy's FInal Exam 2 Centuries in a Row
|Guide to 4000 times Moore tech era of WorldRecordJobs Creators
|worldfirstu.com tsinghua &
|Yunus top 10 concepts - what to learn, what not to copy?
|Was JFK last president to explore how to SME every possible value chain
|education's 3 greatest jobs creators
|Do you know how to map world trade routes?
|How about Soros & Francis & Kim if your politicians ban ending poverty with Asian Girl Power
|Place branding- how singapore rose to top of class as US. EU bottomed
|which markets will sustainability 30000 most vital solutions come from
|Norman Macrae Economist's view of why 21st C needs to get happier and happier
|alibababauni.com alumni clubs
|The United Nations of Girls
|Jobs Belt Roads Top 13
|What is Sustainability?
|17 goals of SDG nations - or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5
|BENT - did Americans Lose IT?
|news from china *and delas " which we dont quite understand yet
|Studying Bangladesh - Economists' and Sustainability's Greatest MIracle
|10 most exciting developments students 2018-2019
|pro-youth financial genius -Rumee Ali
|pro-youth banking 2012) and jobs education (2017)
|Which of 7 Belt Road Movements are you Mapping
|Asian Research Future of Education
|Technology leapfrogging and the end of poverty
|Is it possible to sustain planet earth without west's g7 nations?
|what were the 2 world wars really about? freedom to trade...
|Shall we design markets for 10 billion, 3 bn or zero people?
|learn from most conscious network in girls world
|MIT Matech US-East
|Mapping Economics of Ports & Railroads & Digital
|Livelihood Education Open Space
|Global Uni of Poverty - why SDgirls value china's BAT not US FAG
|brac 49 years of 7 by 7 webs of ngo world partners
|Privatization - good, bad, terribly no-sustainable?
|Cost of Girls True News
|BRi.school why under 30s need to value boats & trains more than cars and planes
|My favorite europe university east of glasgow is in mortal danger?
|Who's Afraid of Diversity of 195 nations
|economy of billion poorest girls - bangla &
|economies where mass thrives, do no evil to poorest, east belt road economy since 1950
|economics of sports and SDGirls.net
|what scottish economists actually said
|WRJC Missionaries Impossible
|top 8 job creators jinping, pope francis, sir fazle, jack ma, jae-in &
|Brac's curriculum - of how girls built 8th most populated nation on trust and love
|BELT - mapping future of places if youth are to be sustainable everywhere in 21st C
|welcome to AI sustainability trade mapping BELTUSASIA,com
|marketing's new ;playbook
|lessons from first 3000 US alumni trained by jack ma gateway17.com detroit
|New York Sept 2018 - Is teaching sustainability possible?
|g20 argentina summit july 2018
|100 cities -sustainability's last call
|belts 65 industrial zones- exploring links to jobs, tech hubs and learning exchanges
|survey - where are the world's favorite coding schools
|help quarterbilliongirls.com draft urgent request to world bank jim kim
|Optimistic reasons 2018's sustainbility summits will leap to changing education round 3 bn new jobs
|Feb 2018 par 1/6 months girlsnchnage education at United Nations
|imagine if media was used for youth to debate top 7 job creators
|alibabauni.com why BAT is not FAG
|Mastermind Quiz- saving human race from extinction 2030-1946
|History's WRJC including Gandhi Marx Smith Keynes &
|can education help youth save humanity from extinction?
|who do you know - world record job creators or destroyers?
|100 years of reporting the market for poverty alleviation
|2019-2020 Beijing Belt Road Forum 2 May 2019; Japan G20 and Alibaba Olympics
|2018 year that india and china raced to end poverty : together!
|Celebrating East West South North- What 3.5 billion elders Can do in next 1461 days
|aiib 2018 mumbai june
|WISE@UNGA 2018 september new york
|4.5A - changing education
|trade maps - development of peoples by goodwill (health) and finance (wealth)
|do you know joyful stories of sustainability gen's students and teachers
|3 new banking summits: aiib mumbai, sco qingdao , brics joburg
|3 WISE SUMMITS - Accra May, UN New York Sept, Paris March 2019
|Ali Baba - TOP 5 ECONOMY OF 21st C
|WRJCbook not facebook
|ngo rankings by friends of norman macrae foundation
|Exciting Development Economists - Norman Macrae
|13 years left for 3.5 bn explorers of sustainability 2.0
|is diesel one of the dirtiest of energies?
|Belt up 9 regions
|top 5 micro word trade platforms for creating 3 billion news jobs for under 30s
|lessons from lessons from 80 country club redesigning investment banks round green infrastructure
|who's who of celebrating end of tv ad age
|how south korea is pullin all stops out to be china's best supporter of sustainability generation
|characters at aiib 2017 include
|East's 70 years of amazing development economic models
|exploring the world's history and future through eyes of young chinese ladies & auld scottish allies
|fast changing question - who can finance humanity's life critical goals?
|explore young world's top 25 job creating platforms
|how can everyone build the most valuable idea the world has ever heard of
|year 34 of why not free trade with russian people
|un year of ecotourism
|4th grade Girl's 20 stories of futures worthy of human race
|is cnn destroying its value
|rejuventaion of media - why youth alumni of happy east will sustain humanity, dismal west wont
|chinese millennials -sustainability half billion lead storytellers
|world cultural entrepreneur - who?
|100 days -- 1/14.6 #TheEconomist
|what is the future of retail?
|How to design 3 billion new jobs around youth
|#youthtech - worldwide brand charter search by Baltimore
|world's most valuable question- which markets are good for all the peoples?
|2020,2019,2018 = now!
|west baltiimore - the most collaborative urban city space for sustainability (goal 11)
|Sustaining fully employed youth and 100$ graduate degrees
|Conscious Post Its
|why parents need to mentor kids in email curriculum k-12
|Can world's biggest broken system be fixed? - yes only with mass collaboration
|The Games of World Record Job Creation
|how to value partners
|10* jinping and other world record place leaders
|1* Jack Ma
|where is #learninggeneration going to and coming from?
|future history sustainability #1461
|8* Muhammad Yunus
|which corporations/sectors are making education their main corporate responsibility
|America's number 1 crisis - antisocial media -god bless us
|What would world miss if JYK hadnt existed 2012-2022?
|HOwen OPEN space
|Alumni of Gandhi/Mandela
|Emperor Hirohito ( Showa ) One of Greatest Leaders ever by Norman Macrae
|Newest branches of POP - West Africa 014, Vatican 013, World Bank 012
|the most valuable satellite guided learning tour - sustaining 7 billion being's community nursing
|Grassroots rural networks save the world
|Diary of YunusBrand.com , YunusOlympics.com and myUNuslab
|When are Bono's Pop Stars On Song in Claiming investing 10% in Agriculture best way to end poverty
|44th annual newsletter of elearning millennials and job creation started at The Economist
|Comparing world bank #2030now structure wit other millennials world class end poverty networks
|bottom up pieces of solar, and linksin to future of green finance
|bangla economic miracle lesson 1 first trillion dollar audit of a sustainable nation is healthcare
|Help curate Soros ineteconomic invitation to millennials to rethink economics and open society
|inbox; could the next 5 years of elearning make or Break our human RACE
|Game 1 Top 10 Open Universities that value youth most?
|valuetrue search for most human value of internet
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|brac.tv: people i wish i had introduced the poor world's greatest jobs creator to
|20 classes -cataloguing frames of partners in publishing world record job creation
|Why nature will not sustain human species unless act now on biggest mistakes economists made Q3 C21
|Which brand most collaboratively values millennials goals to 2030?
|will partnerships of catholic universities be first to free business curriculum 21st women and youth
|Course World Record Job Creators -by friends of The Economist's Macrae's Net Generation's Heroes
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|Who was missing from cast of first social good summit-mooc?
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|Which trillion dollar markets have even one ceo leading best for youth futures
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|#BR0 China & #TheEconomist
|#BR9 Africa #theeconomist economistafrica.com
|#BR3 Russia #BR4 East Europe #TheEconomist
|#BR7 Middle East #TheEconomist
|#BR11 Arctic Belt Road
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|leon botstein and greatest educators of sdg youth
|Leon Botstein and greatest educators of sdg generation
90% of world trade and just in
time supply chains is shipped via superports -
changes every intergenerational advantage and disadvantage of cities- the #digitalcoooperation
opportunties of the AI decade are huge at supercity level but only if
you map hopw every
entrepreneurs (female as well as male , of every color skin...) can connect goodwill
The five per cent of humans who live in USA have had a very strange 20th C- they
gloriously saved the old world from 2 world wars, JFK inspired the moon race with debates all over the world of every human
goal may now be possible provided we linkin knowhow everywhere its life critically needed, but even with the assasinatuions
of the 1960s congress has never got near resolving racial or sexual freedoms at the practical level of teenagers livelihood
education, loveq and safety in the city; moreover instead of the richest nation leading quality transformation in line with mother earth's
evolutionary rules, american politicians have played a messy game of devil takes the hindmost; their peoples needed a model
of north south trade across the continent but has never mapped one with the result that a nation with only 2 direct borders
looks as if it is spinning into hyper connected 21st C -aidemocracy.com humansai.com century with ever less valuation of diversity-= where does this leave everyone in south and central america
references - check out bilateral and multiateral trust across nations that are in the G20 and are not; help catalogue different regions world record jobs creators: which nations parents/educators/communities are helping their youth celebrate a trillion times moore tech than man raced
to the mmon by being the first sd generation will usa ever join the league of nations that value women's productive and social contributions as much as men- look
at wealth profiles in usa to understand how far usa lags as we enter 2020s - politicains ruling vetsed interests and paper
currencies are not constitutionally unfit to celebrate true media an era when every nations greatest assets is the win-win
currency of youth making thye most of ai not being taken over by it
journalistforhumanity friends of normanmacrae (at The Economist over half a century and elsewhere-) have hosted over 100 ai debates starting in 1962 -never
have people and places needed to help each pther moore to stay a decade ahead of investing in girls and boys and supercities
-q&a welcome firstname.lastname@example.org washington dc region +1 240 316 8157 (whatsapp or wechat) www.economistdiary.com
Since the UN launched sustainability goals fal 2015, a consensus of over 50 national leaders has emerged.
Under 30s in a country cannot be sustainble without all collaboratively celebrating a trifectia:
digital with big data small platofr,s and apps
world trade infrastructuire that includes all enterprises however small,
however disconnected by the first industrial era : Belt Road mapping matches 2 or more countries in designing win-wins for
their under 30s as sustainability generation
The East has risen in the last half century through connecting superports
and overland corridors (typically rail and energy and telecommunications pipelines) . At every new bodrer connected the opportunity
for youth cultural and skils exchnages can be hugely joyful socially , economically, peacefully and sustainably ... Join the
debate out of your region -rsvp email@example.com
jinping good news
World Record Book of Job CreationE1 Xi Jinping (Rejuvenation global2.0; world's most transparent maps on win-win trade for all) E99 Lee Kuan Yew E2 Sir Fazle Abed (world's favorite educator eg empowered girls to resolve poverty's greatest challenges, BRAC & Bkash)
E3 Jack Ma leapfrog tech (big data small), ecommerce curriculum as one of china's 4 greatest inventions 1 -IR4 can develop 10 times bigger people-centred economics) E98 Gandhi & Montessori & Mandela, E4 Nilekani (bridges to English as 2nd most valuable language in world Modi, Kalam, Singh) W1 Tim Berners Lee (the www , we havent seen it yet- human collaboration can be so much bigger, bridge to
any mit lab with human app) W2 Jim Kim being healthcare most courageous public servant lads to being the sanest western voice
in world banking and most peace-loving North Korean American; ; W3 Pope Francis and W99 Pope John Paul; W4 Justin Trudeau ,
11 regions of mapping globalisation 2.0
10 dimension of Belt Century - china unites 30 national leaders in calling for open engineering ; MIT too
stories of trade as co-buidling civilisation - future history designing
the century all families want to connect
peak trades reached by combinations of civilisations in win-win trading history-
how much more is possible with today's millions times more connectivity technologies than eg silk road's camels
curriculum of all ages - towards a world in which every place's diversity of trade advantages is openly celebrated
with open learning networks eg rachel's world possible
21st C Trade Infrastructure Belts and Roads Action maps
designing railway across one third waistline of planet - eg china to spain : container relay, dry ports. building connection sections, tunnels etc; conecting cities and villages
superports; connecting rail and port
energy grids and maximising green
within a nation, between 2 nations, across clusters of nations -eg if a railway is built between argentina and chile to conect
atlantic and pacific oceans it also multiplies trade possiblities for many more nations
leadership club acrss 11 regions from inside china , to half a planet away eg s.america- leaders & citizen vison connections
- members include Afghanistan: Unspecified minister-level delegation|
Argentina: President Mauricio MacriAustralia: Trade Minister Steve CioboAzerbaijan: Economy Minister Shahin MustafayevBangladesh:
Unspecified minister-level delegationBelarus: President Alexander LukashenkoBrazil: Secretary
for Strategic Affairs Hussein Ali KaloutCambodia: Prime Minister Hun SenChile: President Michelle BacheletChina:
President Xi JinpingCzech Republic: President Milos ZemanEgypt: Trade and Industry Minister Tarek KabilEthiopia: Prime Minister Hailemariam DesalegnFiji: Prime Minister Josaia Voreqe BainimaramaFinland:
Minister of Transport and Communications of Finland Anne BernerFrance: Jean-Pierre Raffarin, chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations, Defense and Armed Forces in the French SenateGermany: Minister of Economic Affairs Brigitte ZypriesGreece: Prime Minister Alexis TsiprasHungary: Prime Minister Viktor OrbanIndonesia: President Joko WidodoIran: Minister
of Economy and Finance Ali TayebniaItaly: Prime Minister Paolo GentiloniJapan:
LDP Secretary General Toshihiro NikaiKazakhstan: President Nursultan NazarbayevKenya: President Uhuru KenyattaKyrgyzstan: President Almazbek AtambayevKuwait: Minister of
the Amiri Diwan Affairs Sheikh Nasser Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-JaberLaos: President Bounnhang VorachithMalaysia: Prime Minister Najib RazakMaldives: Economic Minister Mohamed SaeedMongolia: Prime Minister Jargaltulga ErdenebatMyanmar: State Counselor Aung San Suu KyiRomania: Deputy Prime Minister and Minister
of Environment Gratiela GavrilescuNepal: Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Krishna Bahadur MaharaNew
Zealand: Science and Innovation Minister Paul GoldsmithNorth Korea: Confirmed to be sending an official delegation; the delegation will be led by Kim Yong-jae, the North Korean minister of external economic relations, according to a
number of South Korean media reportsPakistan: Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz SharifPhilippines: President Rodrigo DutertePoland: Prime Minister Beata SzydłoRussia: President Vladimir PutinSaudi
Arabia: Minister of Energy, Industry, and Mineral Resources Khalid Al-FalihSerbia: Prime Minister Aleksandar VucicSingapore: Minister
for National Development and Second Minister for Finance Lawrence WongSouth
Korea: Ambassador to China Kim Jang-soo; Park Byeong-seug, National Assembly member for the Democratic PartySpain: Prime Minister Mariano RajoySri
Lanka: Prime Minister Ranil WickremesingheSwitzerland: President Doris LeuthardSyria: unspecificed minister-level delegationThailand: five ministers: Minister of Foreign Affairs Don Pramudwinai, Minister of Transportation Arkhom Termpittayapaisith, Minister of Commerce
Apiradi Tantraporn, Minister of Digital for Economy and Society Pichet Durongkaveroj, and Minister of Science and Technology
Atchaka SibunruangTunisia: Culture Minister Mohamed Zine El-AbidineTurkey: President Recep Tayyip ErdoganUAE: Dr. Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, Minister of State and Group CEO of ADNOCUkraine: unspecified official delegationUnited
Kingdom: Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip HammondUnited
States: Matt Pottinger, National Security Council senior director for AsiaUzbekistan: President Shavkat MirziyoyevVietnam: President Tran Dai Quang
| student learning exchanges ||cultural exchanges |
science parks and
skills transfer spaces- analagous local lessons from world of one belt road experiments; mapping back digital 4th industrial
revolution at same time as mapping jobs and natural resource renewability
collaboration goals -tipping points connectivity: uniting civilisations opportunities ahead of threats||whats
most needed for peace, inclusion ||what makes globalsiation positive for all peoples |
projects including how they were financed
mapping how rising exponential models need new financial skils-
eg making transparent what are the core megatrends of human progress we are making intergenerational investments in
of empowering local by ending national boundaries to freeing trade ||what is connection between BELT ROAD FORUM,
UN SD goals, and all world record job creaytion platforms including those multiplying through every G20 citiznes newtorks
annually starting with China G20 2016 and maximising each G20 inpiut - eg 2017 german host, 2018 argentinna host, 2019 india
140 B.C., Zhang Qian, a royal emissary, left Chang'an, capital of the
Han Dynasty. He traveled westward on a mission of peace and opened an overland route linking the East and the West. Centuries
later, in the years of Tang, Song and Yuan Dynasties, such silk routes, both over land and at sea, boomed. Great adventurers,
including Du Huan of China, Marco Polo of Italy and ibn Batutah of Morocco, left their footprints along these ancient routes.
In the early 15th century, Zheng He, the famous Chinese navigator in the Ming Dynasty, made seven voyages to the Western Seas,
a heroic feat which still is remembered today. These pioneers won their place in history not as conquerors ; rather, as friendly
emissaries leading camel caravans and sailing treasure-loaded ships. Generation after generation, the silk routes travelers
have built a bridge for peace and East-West cooperation.
The ancient silk routes spanned the valleys
of the Nile, the Tigris and Euphrates, the Indus and Ganges and the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers. They connected the birthplaces
of the Egyptian, Babylonian, Indian and Chinese civilizations as well as the lands of Buddhism, Christianity and Islam and
homes of people of different nationalities and races. These routes enabled people of various civilizations, religions and
races to interact with and embrace each other with open mind. In the course of exchange, they fostered a spirit of mutual
respect and were engaged in a common endeavor to pursue prosperity. Today, ancient cities of Jiuquan, Dunhuang, Tulufan, Kashi,
Samarkand, Baghdad and Constantinople as well as ancient ports of Ningbo, Quanzhou, Guangzhou, Beihai, Colombo, Jeddah and
Alexandria stand as living monuments to these past interactions. This part of history shows that civilization thrives with
openness and nations prosper through exchange.
| || || The ancient silk
routes were not for trade only, they boosted flow of knowledge as well. Through these routes, Chinese silk, porcelain, lacquerwork
and ironware were shipped to the West, while pepper, flax, spices, grape and pomegranate entered China. Through these routes,
Buddhism, Islam and Arab astronomy, calender and medicine found their way to China, while China's four great inventions and
silkworm breeding spread to other parts of the world. More importantly, the exchange of goods and know-how spurred new ideas.
For example, Buddhism originated in India, blossomed in China and was enriched in Southeast Asia. Confucianism, which was
born in China, gained appreciation by European thinkers such as Leibniz and Voltaire. Herein lies the appeal of mutual learning.|| || The
ancient silk routes spanned the valleys of the Nile, the Tigris and Euphrates, the Indus and Ganges and the Yellow and Yangtze
Rivers. They connected the birthplaces of the Egyptian, Babylonian, Indian and Chinese civilizations as well as the lands
of Buddhism, Christianity and Islam and homes of people of different nationalities and races. These routes enabled people
of various civilizations, religions and races to interact with and embrace each other with open mind. In the course of exchange,
they fostered a spirit of mutual respect and were engaged in a common endeavor to pursue prosperity. Today, ancient cities
of Jiuquan, Dunhuang, Tulufan, Kashi, Samarkand, Baghdad and Constantinople as well as ancient ports of Ningbo, Quanzhou,
Guangzhou, Beihai, Colombo, Jeddah and Alexandria stand as living monuments to these past interactions. This part of history
shows that civilization thrives with openness and nations prosper through exchange.|| || || || || || |
inspiring stories we are searching- indonesia plan to end slums by 2019;
Work Together to Build the Silk Road Economic Belt and
21st Century Maritime Silk Road
Speech by H.E. Xi Jinping
President of the People's Republic of China
At the Opening Ceremony
The Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation
Distinguished Heads of State and Government,
Heads of International Organizations,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
In this lovely season of early Summer when every living thing is full of energy, I wish to welcome all of you, distinguished
guests representing over 100 countries, to attend this important forum on the Belt and Road Initiative held in Beijing. This
is indeed a gathering of great minds. In the coming two days, I hope that by engaging in full exchanges of views, we will
contribute to pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative, a project of the century, so that it will benefit people across the world.
1.0 Over 2,000 years ago, our ancestors, trekking across vast steppes and deserts, opened the
transcontinental passage connecting Asia, Europe and Africa, known today as the Silk Road. Our ancestors, navigating rough
seas, created sea routes linking the East with the West, namely, the maritime Silk Road. These ancient silk routes opened
windows of friendly engagement among nations, adding a splendid chapter to the history of human progress. The thousand-year-old
"gilt bronze silkworm" displayed at China's Shaanxi History Museum and the Belitung shipwreck discovered in Indonesia
bear witness to this exciting period of history.
1.1 Spanning thousands of miles and years, the ancient silk routes embody
the spirit of peace and cooperation, openness and inclusiveness, mutual learning and mutual benefit. The Silk Road spirit
has become a great heritage of human civilization.
— Peace and cooperation. In China's Han Dynasty
around 140 B.C., Zhang Qian, a royal emissary, left Chang'an, capital of the Han Dynasty. He traveled westward on a mission
of peace and opened an overland route linking the East and the West, a daring undertaking which came to be known as Zhang
Qian's journey to the Western regions. Centuries later, in the years of Tang, Song and Yuan Dynasties, such silk routes, both
over land and at sea, boomed. Great adventurers, including Du Huan of China, Marco Polo of Italy and ibn Batutah of Morocco,
left their footprints along these ancient routes. In the early 15th century, Zheng He, the famous Chinese navigator in the
Ming Dynasty, made seven voyages to the Western Seas, a feat which still is remembered today. These pioneers won their place
in history not as conquerors with warships, guns or swords. Rather, they are remembered as friendly emissaries leading camel
caravans and sailing treasure-loaded ships. Generation after generation, the silk routes travelers have built a bridge for
peace and East-West cooperation.
— Openness and inclusiveness. The ancient silk routes spanned
the valleys of the Nile, the Tigris and Euphrates, the Indus and Ganges and the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers. They connected
the birthplaces of the Egyptian, Babylonian, Indian and Chinese civilizations as well as the lands of Buddhism, Christianity
and Islam and homes of people of different nationalities and races. These routes enabled people of various civilizations,
religions and races to interact with and embrace each other with open mind. In the course of exchange, they fostered a spirit
of mutual respect and were engaged in a common endeavor to pursue prosperity. Today, ancient cities of Jiuquan, Dunhuang,
Tulufan, Kashi, Samarkand, Baghdad and Constantinople as well as ancient ports of Ningbo, Quanzhou, Guangzhou, Beihai, Colombo,
Jeddah and Alexandria stand as living monuments to these past interactions. This part of history shows that civilization thrives
with openness and nations prosper through exchange.
— Mutual learning. The ancient silk routes were
not for trade only, they boosted flow of knowledge as well. Through these routes, Chinese silk, porcelain, lacquerwork and
ironware were shipped to the West, while pepper, flax, spices, grape and pomegranate entered China. Through these routes,
Buddhism, Islam and Arab astronomy, calender and medicine found their way to China, while China's four great inventions and
silkworm breeding spread to other parts of the world. More importantly, the exchange of goods and know-how spurred new ideas.
For example, Buddhism originated in India, blossomed in China and was enriched in Southeast Asia. Confucianism, which was
born in China, gained appreciation by European thinkers such as Leibniz and Voltaire. Herein lies the appeal of mutual learning.
benefit. The ancient silk routes witnessed the bustling scenes of visits and trade over land and ships calling at
ports. Along these major arteries of interaction, capital, technology and people flowed freely, and goods, resources and benefits
were widely shared. The ancient prosperous cities of Alma-Ata, Samarkand and Chang'an and ports of Sur and Guangzhou thrived,
so did the Roman Empire as well as Parthia and Kushan Kingdoms. The Han and Tang Dynasties of China entered the golden age.
The ancient silk routes brought prosperity to these regions and boosted their development.
History is our best teacher.
The glory of the ancient silk routes shows that geographical distance is not insurmountable. If we take the first courageous
step towards each other, we can embark on a path leading to friendship, shared development, peace, harmony and a better future.
From the historical perspective, humankind has reached an age of great progress, great transformation
and profound changes. In this increasingly multi-polar, economically globalized, digitized and culturally diversified world,
the trend toward peace and development becomes stronger, and reform and innovation are gaining momentum. Never have we seen
such close interdependence among countries as today, such fervent desire of people for a better life, and never have we had
so many means to prevail over difficulties.
In terms of reality, we find ourselves in a world fraught with challenges.
Global growth requires new drivers, development needs to be more inclusive and balanced, and the gap between the rich and
the poor needs to be narrowed. Hotspots in some regions are causing instability and terrorism is rampant. Deficit in peace,
development and governance poses a daunting challenge to mankind. This is the issue that has always been on my mind.
the autumn of 2013, respectively in Kazakhstan and Indonesia, I proposed the building of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the
21st Century Maritime Silk Road, which I call the Belt and Road Initiative. As a Chinese saying goes, "Peaches and plums
do not speak, but they are so attractive that a path is formed below the trees." Four years on, over 100 countries and
international organizations have supported and got involved in this initiative. Important resolutions passed by the UN General
Assembly and Security Council contain reference to it. Thanks to our efforts, the vision of the Belt and Road Initiative is
becoming a reality and bearing rich fruit.
— These four years have seen deepened policy connectivity.
I have said on many occasions that the pursuit of the Belt and Road Initiative is not meant to reinvent the wheel. Rather,
it aims to complement the development strategies of countries involved by leveraging their comparative strengths. We have
enhanced coordination with the policy initiatives of relevant countries, such as the Eurasian Economic Union of Russia, the
Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity, the Bright Road initiative of Kazakhstan, the Middle Corridor initiative of Turkey, the
Development Road initiative of Mongolia, the Two Corridors, One Economic Circle initiative of Viet Nam, the Northern Powerhouse
initiative of the UK and the Amber Road initiative of Poland. We are also promoting complementarity between China's development
plan and those of Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, Hungary and other countries. China has signed cooperation agreements with over
40 countries and international organizations and carried out framework cooperation on production capacity with more than 30
countries. During the forum, a number of cooperation agreements on policy connectivity and action plans will be signed. We
will also launch Belt and Road cooperation initiative on trade connectivity together with some 60 countries and international
organizations. Such policy connectivity will produce a multiplying effect on cooperation among the parties involved.
four years have seen enhanced infrastructure connectivity. Building roads and railways creates prosperity in all
sectors. We have accelerated the building of Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway, China-Laos railway, Addis Ababa-Djibouti
railway and Hungary-Serbia railway, and upgraded Gwadar and Piraeus ports in cooperation with relevant countries. A large
number of connectivity projects are also in the pipeline. Today, a multi-dimensional infrastructure network is taking shape,
one that is underpinned by economic corridors such as China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor
and the New Eurasian Continental Bridge, featuring land-sea-air transportation routes and information expressway and supported
by major railway, port and pipeline projects.
— These four years have seen increased trade connectivity.
China has worked with other countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative to promote trade and investment facilitation
and improve business environment. I was told that for Kazakhstan and other Central Asian countries alone, customs clearance
time for agricultural produce exporting to China is cut by 90%. Total trade between China and other Belt and Road countries
in 2014-2016 has exceeded US$3 trillion, and China's investment in these countries has surpassed US$50 billion. Chinese companies
have set up 56 economic cooperation zones in over 20 countries, generating some US$1.1 billion of tax revenue and 180,000
jobs for them.
— These four years have seen expanded financial connectivity. Financing bottleneck
is a key challenge to realizing connectivity. China has engaged in multiple forms of financial cooperation with countries
and organizations involved in the Belt and Road Initiative. The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank has provided US$1.7 billion
of loans for 9 projects in Belt and Road participating countries. The Silk Road Fund has made US$4 billion of investment,
and the 16+1 financial holding company between China and Central and Eastern European countries has been inaugurated. With
distinctive focus, these new financial mechanisms and traditional multilateral financial institutions such as the World Bank
complement each other. A multi-tiered Belt and Road financial cooperation network has taken an initial shape.
four years have seen strengthened people-to-people connectivity. Friendship, which derives from close contact between
the people, holds the key to sound state-to-state relations. Guided by the Silk Road spirit, we the Belt and Road Initiative
participating countries have pulled our efforts to build the educational Silk Road and the health Silk Road, and carried out
cooperation in science, education, culture, health and people-to-people exchange. Such cooperation has helped lay a solid
popular and social foundation for pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative. Every year, the Chinese government provides 10,000
government scholarships to the relevant countries. China's local governments have also set up special Silk Road scholarships
to encourage international cultural and educational exchanges. Projects of people-to-people cooperation such as Silk Road
culture year, tourism year, art festival, film and TV project, seminar and think tank dialogue are flourishing. These interactions
have brought our people increasingly closer.
These fruitful outcomes show that the Belt and Road Initiative responds
to the trend of the times, conforms to the law of development, and meets the people's interests. It surely has broad prospects.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
As we often
say in China, "The beginning is the most difficult part." A solid first step has been taken in pursuing the Belt
and Road Initiative. We should build on the sound momentum generated to steer the Belt and Road Initiative toward greater
success. In pursuing this endeavor, we should be guided by the following principles:
First, we should build the Belt and Road into a road for peace. The ancient
silk routes thrived in times of peace, but lost vigor in times of war. The pursuit of the Belt and Road Initiative requires
a peaceful and stable environment. We should foster a new type of international relations featuring win-win cooperation; and
we should forge partnerships of dialogue with no confrontation and of friendship rather than alliance. All countries should
respect each other's sovereignty, dignity and territorial integrity, each other's development paths and social systems, and
each other's core interests and major concerns.
regions along the ancient Silk Road used to be a land of milk and honey. Yet today, these places are often associated with
conflict, turbulence, crisis and challenge. Such state of affairs should not be allowed to continue. We should foster the
vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, and create a security environment built and shared
by all. We should work to resolve hotspot issues through political means, and promote mediation in the spirit of justice.
We should intensify counter-terrorism efforts, address both its symptoms and root causes, and strive to eradicate poverty,
backwardness and social injustice.
we should build the Belt and Road into a road of prosperity. Development holds the master key to solving all problems.
In pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative, we should focus on the fundamental issue of development, release the growth potential
of various countries and achieve economic integration and interconnected development and deliver benefits to all.
Industries are the foundation of economy. We should deepen industrial
cooperation so that industrial development plans of different countries will complement and reinforce each other. Focus should
be put on launching major projects. We should strengthen international cooperation on production capacity and equipment manufacturing,
and seize new development opportunities presented by the new industrial revolution to foster new businesses and maintain dynamic
Finance is the lifeblood of modern economy.
Only when the blood circulates smoothly can one grow. We should establish a stable and sustainable financial safeguard system
that keeps risks under control, create new models of investment and financing, encourage greater cooperation between government
and private capital and build a diversified financing system and a multi-tiered capital market. We should also develop inclusive
finance and improve financial services networks.
connectivity is the foundation of development through cooperation. We should promote land, maritime, air and cyberspace connectivity,
concentrate our efforts on key passageways, cities and projects and connect networks of highways, railways and sea ports.
The goal of building six major economic corridors under the Belt and Road Initiative has been set, and we should endeavor
to meet it. We need to seize opportunities presented by the new round of change in energy mix and the revolution in energy
technologies to develop global energy interconnection and achieve green and low-carbon development. We should improve trans-regional
logistics network and promote connectivity of policies, rules and standards so as to provide institutional safeguards for
Third, we should build the Belt and Road into a road of opening up. Opening up brings progress while isolation
results in backwardness. For a country, opening up is like the struggle of a chrysalis breaking free from its cacoon. There
will be short-term pains, but such pains will create a new life. The Belt and Road Initiative should be an open one that will
achieve both economic growth and balanced development.
We should build an open platform of cooperation and uphold
and grow an open world economy. We should jointly create an environment that will facilitate opening up and development, establish
a fair, equitable and transparent system of international trade and investment rules and boost the orderly flow of production
factors, efficient resources allocation and full market integration. We welcome efforts made by other countries to grow open
economies based on their national conditions, participate in global governance and provide public goods. Together, we can
build a broad community of shared interests.
Trade is an important engine driving growth. We should embrace the outside
world with an open mind, uphold the multilateral trading regime, advance the building of free trade areas and promote liberalization
and facilitation of trade and investment. Of course, we should also focus on resolving issues such as imbalances in development,
difficulties in governance, digital divide and income disparity and make economic globalization open, inclusive, balanced
and beneficial to all.
Fourth, we should build the Belt and Road into a road of innovation. Innovation is
an important force powering development. The Belt and Road Initiative is new by nature and we need to encourage innovation
in pursuing this initiative.
We should pursue innovation-driven development and intensify cooperation in frontier areas
such as digital economy, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology and quantum computing, and advance the development of big
data, cloud computing and smart cities so as to turn them into a digital silk road of the 21st century. We should spur the
full integration of science and technology into industries and finance, improve the environment for innovation and pool resources
for innovation. We should create space and build workshops for young people of various countries to cultivate entrepreneurship
in this age of the internet and help realize their dreams.
We should pursue the new vision of green development and a
way of life and work that is green, low-carbon, circular and sustainable. Efforts should be made to strengthen cooperation
in ecological and environmental protection and build a sound ecosystem so as to realize the goals set by the 2030 Agenda for
Fifth, we should build the Belt and Road into a road connecting different civilizations.
In pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative, we should ensure that when it comes to different civilizations, exchange will replace
estrangement, mutual learning will replace clashes, and coexistence will replace a sense of superiority. This will boost mutual
understanding, mutual respect and mutual trust among different countries.
We should establish a multi-tiered mechanism
for cultural and people-to-people exchanges, build more cooperation platforms and open more cooperation channels. Educational
cooperation should be boosted, more exchange students should be encouraged and the performance of cooperatively run schools
should be enhanced. Think tanks should play a better role and efforts should be made to establish think tank networks and
partnerships. In the cultural, sports and health sectors, new cooperation models should be created to facilitate projects
with concrete benefits. Historical and cultural heritage should be fully tapped to jointly develop tourist products and protect
heritage in ways that preserve the distinctive features of the Silk Road. We should strengthen exchanges between parliaments,
political parties and non-governmental organizations of different countries as well as between women, youths and people with
disabilities with a view to achieving inclusive development. We should also strengthen international counter-corruption cooperation
so that the Belt and Road will be a road with high ethical standards.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
China has reached
a new starting point in its development endeavors. Guided by the vision of innovative, coordinated, green, open and inclusive
development, we will adapt to and steer the new normal of economic development and seize opportunities it presents. We will
actively promote supply-side structural reform to achieve sustainable development, inject strong impetus into the Belt and
Road Initiative and create new opportunities for global development.
— China will enhance friendship and cooperation
with all countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence.
We are ready to share practices of development with other countries, but we have no intention to interfere in other countries'
internal affairs, export our own social system and model of development, or impose our own will on others. In pursuing the
Belt and Road Initiative, we will not resort to outdated geopolitical maneuvering. What we hope to achieve is a new model
of win-win cooperation. We have no intention to form a small group detrimental to stability, what we hope to create is a big
family of harmonious co-existence.
— China has reached practical cooperation agreements with many countries on pursuing
the Belt and Road Initiative. These agreements cover not only projects of hardware connectivity, like transport, infrastructure
and energy, but also software connectivity, involving telecommunications, customs and quarantine inspection. The agreements
also include plans and projects for cooperation in economy and trade, industry, e-commerce, marine and green economy. The
Chinese railway authorities will sign agreements with their counterparts of related countries to deepen cooperation on China-Europe
regular railway cargo service. We will work to launch these cooperation projects at an early date and see that they deliver
— China will scale up financing support for the Belt and Road Initiative by contributing an additional
RMB 100 billion to the Silk Road Fund, and we encourage financial institutions to conduct overseas RMB fund business with
an estimated amount of about RMB 300 billion. The China Development Bank and the Export-Import Bank of China will set up special
lending schemes respectively worth RMB 250 billion equivalent and RMB 130 billion equivalent to support Belt and Road cooperation
on infrastructure, industrial capacity and financing. We will also work with the AIIB, the BRICS New Development Bank, the
World Bank and other multilateral development institutions to support Belt and Road related projects. We will work with other
parties concerned to jointly formulate guidelines for financing the Belt and Road related development projects.
— China will
endeavor to build a win-win business partnership with other countries participating in the Belt and Road Initiative, enhance
trade and investment facilitation with them, and build a Belt and Road free trade network. These efforts are designed to promote
growth both in our respective regions and globally. During this forum, China will sign business and trade cooperation agreements
with over 30 countries and enter into consultation on free trade agreements with related countries. China will host the China
International Import Expo starting from 2018.
— China will enhance cooperation on innovation with other countries.
We will launch the Belt and Road Science, Technology and Innovation Cooperation Action Plan, which consists of the Science
and Technology People-to-People Exchange Initiative, the Joint Laboratory Initiative, the Science Park Cooperation Initiative
and the Technology Transfer Initiative. In the coming five years, we will offer 2,500 short-term research visits to China
for young foreign scientists, train 5,000 foreign scientists, engineers and managers, and set up 50 joint laboratories. We
will set up a big data service platform on ecological and environmental protection. We propose the establishment of an international
coalition for green development on the Belt and Road, and we will provide support to related countries in adapting to climate
— In the coming three years, China will provide assistance worth RMB 60 billion to developing countries and international
organizations participating in the Belt and Road Initiative to launch more projects to improve people's well-being. We will
provide emergency food aid worth RMB 2 billion to developing countries along the Belt and Road and make an additional contribution
of US$1 billion to the Assistance Fund for South-South Cooperation. China will launch 100 "happy home" projects,
100 poverty alleviation projects and 100 health care and rehabilitation projects in countries along the Belt and Road. China
will provide relevant international organizations with US$1 billion to implement cooperation projects that will benefit the
countries along the Belt and Road.
— China will put in place the following mechanisms to boost Belt and Road cooperation:
a liaison office for the Forum's follow-up activities, the Research Center for the Belt and Road Financial and Economic Development,
the Facilitating Center for Building the Belt and Road, the Multilateral Development Financial Cooperation Center in cooperation
with multilateral development banks, and an IMF-China Capacity Building Center. We will also develop a network for cooperation
among the NGOs in countries along the Belt and Road as well as new people-to-people exchange platforms such as a Belt and
Road news alliance and a music education alliance.
The Belt and Road Initiative is rooted in the ancient Silk Road. It focuses
on the Asian, European and African continents, but is also open to all other countries. All countries, from either Asia, Europe,
Africa or the Americas, can be international cooperation partners of the Belt and Road Initiative. The pursuit of this initiative
is based on extensive consultation and its benefits will be shared by us all.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
ancient Chinese saying goes, "A long journey can be covered only by taking one step at a time". Similarly, there
is an Arab proverb which says that the Pyramid was built by piling one stone on another. In Europe, there is also the saying
that "Rome wasn't built in a day." The Belt and Road Initiative is a great undertaking which requires dedicated
efforts. Let us pursue this initiative step by step and deliver outcome one by one. By doing so, we will bring true benefit
to both the world and all our people!
In conclusion, I wish the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation a full
Jim Yong Kim, president of the World Bank [Photo/Agencies]
China-led Belt and Road Initiative serves as a constructive platform to help achieve common prosperity for regional economies
and contributes to global development, World Bank President Jim Yong Kim said on Sunday.
China's growing influence can
be applied through the initiative to help other countries work through their differences and foster the development of free
trade and investment, Kim told China Daily on the sidelines of the ongoing Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation
The initiative consists of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.
Global and regional
trade and investment still face many hurdles－"sometimes even within a single country", Kim said. Trade between
states or provinces and another state or province "can be very complicated".
"What is needed in terms
of tackling these barriers is that you need to have convening power," he said. "You need to bring all the different
parties together, and you need to get them to sit in a room and work out these kinds of differences.
huge incentive for countries to come together at a meeting or platform that's convened by China. Everybody wants to work with
Kim made the comments against a background of rising anti-globalization and anti-trade sentiment in some
developed countries. Meanwhile, many economies－especially in some underdeveloped regions－are in dire need of
investment in infrastructure.
President Xi Jinping said in a speech on Sunday morning that China is willing to contribute
to building a global free trade network, share its development experiences with other countries and increase funding through
the Belt and Road Initiative to bolster global growth and promote the common development of the international community.
praised Xi's leadership in pushing the initiative.
"The most important thing about his speech is how incredibly ambitious
he is," Kim said. "He set a very high bar for what we should try to accomplish.
"There are very few leaders
in the world who, because of their own position, their own charisma, their own ideas, can push the entire region forward.
President Xi can do that."
In a meeting with Kim on Sunday, Premier Li Keqiang said that China is willing to cooperate with the World Bank to conduct
research on how to create new growth engines for the country, as China presses ahead with its economic restructuring, according
to a China Central Television report.
open engineering strategy download from MIT
— China will enhance cooperation on innovation with other countries. We will launch the Belt
and Road Science, Technology and Innovation Cooperation Action Plan, which consists of the Science and Technology People-to-People
Exchange Initiative, the Joint Laboratory Initiative, the Science Park Cooperation Initiative and the Technology Transfer
Initiative. In the coming five years, we will offer 2,500 short-term research visits to China for young foreign scientists,
train 5,000 foreign scientists, engineers and managers, and set up 50 joint laboratories. We will set up a big data service
platform on ecological and environmental protection. We propose the establishment of an international coalition for green
development on the Belt and Road, and we will provide support to related countries in adapting to climate change.
— In the coming three years, China will provide assistance worth RMB 60 billion to developing
countries and international organizations participating in the Belt and Road Initiative to launch more projects to improve
people's well-being. We will provide emergency food aid worth RMB 2 billion to developing countries along the Belt and Road
and make an additional contribution of US$1 billion to the Assistance Fund for South-South Cooperation. China will launch
100 "happy home" projects, 100 poverty alleviation projects and 100 health care and rehabilitation projects in countries
along the Belt and Road. China will provide relevant international organizations with US$1 billion to implement cooperation
projects that will benefit the countries along the Belt and Road.
China will put in place the following mechanisms to boost Belt and Road cooperation: a liaison office for the Forum's follow-up
activities, the Research Center for the Belt and Road Financial and Economic Development, the Facilitating Center for Building
the Belt and Road, the Multilateral Development Financial Cooperation Center in cooperation with multilateral development
banks, and an IMF-China Capacity Building Center. We will also develop a network for cooperation among the NGOs in countries
along the Belt and Road as well as new people-to-people exchange platforms such as a Belt and Road news alliance and a music
The Belt and Road Initiative is rooted in the ancient
Silk Road. It focuses on the Asian, European and African continents, but is also open to all other countries. All countries,
from either Asia, Europe, Africa or the Americas, can be international cooperation partners of the Belt and Road Initiative.
The pursuit of this initiative is based on extensive consultation and its benefits will be shared by us all.
and Road Initiative bringing people together in 'pursuit of a better life', Xi says; 2nd summit set for 2019
Belt and Road development does not shut out, nor is it directed against, any party."
"Though originating in China,
the Belt and Road Initiative BELONGS TO THE WHOLE WORLD. Its development goes beyond regions, stages of development and civilizations."
can fly through wind and rain for a long time because they fly in flocks."
China will host the Second Belt and Road
Forum for International Cooperation in 2019, President Xi Jinping announced on Monday at a news briefing in Beijing while
describing the outcomes of the forum and the Leaders Roundtable.
At the forum this year, held on Sunday and Monday, 29 foreign
heads of state and government as well as chiefs of international organizations, corporate leaders, senior officials and scholars
gathered to chart the blueprint for the Belt and Road Initiative, which has won positive feedback from more than 100 countries.
confirmed that China has so far signed cooperative agreements with 68 countries and international organizations concerning
the initiative, including those signed during the forum.
A list of major outcomes of the forum was approved at the closing
ceremony of the forum, with 76 items including more than 270 concrete results in the key areas of policy, infrastructure,
trade, finance and people-to-people exchanges.
Leaders attending the roundtable on Monday also issued a joint communique,
in which they stated a "shared commitment to building an open economy, ensuring free and inclusive trade (and) opposing
all forms of protectionism in the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative".
The summit has seen leaders agreeing
to prioritize policy consultation, work on perfecting the infrastructure connectivity network and better serve public well-being
and sustained development, according to an official release of the Foreign Ministry.
While chairing the summit, Xi said
the Belt and Road Initiative is an open and inclusive platform and a public service jointly built by parties around the world.
China welcomes all friends cherishing the same ideals to join the
Belt and Road, which will neither exclude nor target any side, he said.
Belt and Road development does not shut out, nor is it directed against, any party," Xi said.
When addressing the closing ceremony of the forum, Xi said, "People's pursuit of a better life
has helped move history forward", and the Belt and Road development is bringing together people of all countries along
the routes in a joint endeavor for common development and shared benefits through win-win cooperation.
Xu Haoliang, assistant secretary-general of the United Nations and director of the United Nations
Development Programme's regional bureau for Asia and the Pacific, said the Belt and Road Initiative promotes the opposite
of an inward-looking mentality and "could indeed shape the 21st century international cooperation model".
The effects of the initiative "could be transformational, particularly if
it promotes economic, social and environmental sustainability", Xu said.
Zongze, vice-president of the China Institute of International Studies, said China's latest proposals and the outcomes achieved
at the forum show that China's development "brings national interests to itself and brings benefits to other countries
as well", and China's proposed solution is having a growing say on the world stage.
Wang Yiwei, a professor of international relations studies at Renmin University of China, said the latest outcomes
are being achieved at a time when many of the countries participating in the initiative are introducing industrialization,
modernization and infrastructure buildup.
"Since the world economy is
still sluggish, the huge production capacity and construction capabilities to be introduced will meet such urgent demands
... and make their people feel more tangible benefits," Wang said.
negotiating with participating countries for more bilateral free-trade agreements will help address the current downturn of
the globalization process, the professor added.
Full text: Joint communique of leaders roundtable
of Belt and Road forum
Article type: Redistributed 2017-05-16 Font
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The Leaders Roundtable of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation was held Monday in Beijing. A
joint communique was issued after the summit.
is an English version of the joint communique:
Joint Communique of the Leaders Roundtable of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation
1. We, President Xi Jinping of the People's Republic of
China, President Mauricio Macri of the Republic of Argentina, President Alexander Lukashenko of the Republic of Belarus, President
Michelle Bachelet Jeria of the Republic of Chile, President Milos Zeman of the Czech Republic, President Joko Widodo of the
Republic of Indonesia, President Nursultan Nazarbayev of the Republic of Kazakhstan, President Uhuru Kenyatta of the Republic
of Kenya, President Almazbek Atambayev of the Kyrgyz Republic, President Bounnhang Vorachith of the Lao People's Democratic
Republic, President Rodrigo Roa Duterte of the Republic of the Philippines, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation,
President Doris Leuthard of the Swiss Confederation, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of the Republic of Turkey, President Shavkat
Mirziyoyev of the Republic of Uzbekistan, President Tran Dai Quang of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, Prime Minister Hun
Sen of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Prime
Minister Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama of the Republic of Fiji, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras of the Hellenic Republic, Prime
Minister Viktor Orban of Hungary, Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni of the Italian Republic, Prime Minister Najib Razak of Malaysia,
Prime Minister Jargaltulgyn Erdenebat of Mongolia, State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar,
Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Prime Minister Beata Szydlo of the Republic of Poland,
Prime Minister and President-elect Aleksandar Vucic of the Republic of Serbia, President of the Government Mariano Rajoy Brey
of the Kingdom of Spain, and Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, attended
the Leaders Roundtable of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation on 15 May 2017 in Beijing. We also welcome
the participation of Secretary General Antonio Guterres of the United Nations, President Jim Yong Kim of the World Bank Group,
Managing Director Christine Lagarde of the International Monetary Fund. The Leaders Roundtable was chaired by President Xi
Jinping of the People's Republic of China.
2. We are mindful that the
world economy is undergoing profound changes, presenting both opportunities and challenges. This is an era of opportunity,
where countries continue to aspire for peace, development and cooperation. The UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
with the set of Sustainable Development Goals at its core provides a new blueprint of international cooperation.
3. In this context, we welcome bilateral, triangular,
regional and multilateral cooperation where countries place emphasis on eradicating poverty, creating jobs, addressing the
consequences of international financial crises, promoting sustainable development, and advancing market-based industrial transformation
and economic diversification. We note with appreciation that various development strategies and connectivity cooperation initiatives
have been put forward, providing broad space for strengthening international cooperation.
4. We further recognize the challenges that the world economy faces. While
it is currently experiencing modest recovery, downside risks remain. The growth of global trade and investment remains tempered,
and the rules-based multilateral trading regime is yet to be strengthened. All countries, especially developing ones, still
face common challenges of eradicating poverty, promoting inclusive and sustained economic growth, and achieving sustainable
5. Noting that the Silk Road
Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road (The Belt and Road Initiative) can create opportunities amidst challenges
and changes, we welcome and support the Belt and Road Initiative to enhance connectivity between Asia and Europe, which is
also open to other regions such as Africa and South America. By providing important opportunities for countries to deepen
cooperation, it has achieved positive outcomes and has future potential to deliver more benefits as an important international
6. We also emphasize the opportunities
which can be created by communication and coordination among other global, regional and national frameworks and initiatives
for promoting cooperation in connectivity and sustainable development, such as 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Addis
Ababa Action Agenda, Agenda 2063 of the African Union, Ancient Civilizations Forum, APEC Connectivity Blueprint, ASEAN Community
Vision 2025, Asia-Europe Meeting and its group on path-finder of connectivity, Caravanserai Customs Initiative, China and
Central and Eastern European Countries Cooperation, China-Europe Land-Sea Express Route, East-West Middle Corridor Initiative,
EU-China Connectivity Platform, EU Eastern Partnership, Eurasian partnership based on the principles of equality, openness
and transparency, Initiative for the Integration of Regional Infrastructure in South America, Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity
2025, Main Directions for Economic Development of the Eurasian Economic Union until 2030, Paris Agreement on Climate Change,
Trans-European Transport Networks, Western Balkans 6 Connectivity Agenda, WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement.
7. We reaffirm our shared commitment to build open economy, ensure free
and inclusive trade, oppose all forms of protectionism including in the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative. We endeavor
to promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system with WTO at its core.
8. We stand for enhancing international cooperation including the Belt
and Road Initiative and various development strategies, by building closer collaboration partnerships, which include advancing
North-South, South-South, and triangular cooperation.
9. We reiterate the importance of expanding economic growth, trade and investment based on level-playing field,
on market rules and on universally recognized international norms. We welcome the promotion of industrial cooperation, scientific
and technological innovation, and regional economic cooperation and integration so as to increase, inter alia, the integration
and participation of micro, small and medium enterprises in global value chains. Attention should be paid to tax and fiscal
policies, prioritizing growth and productive investment.
10. We stand for strengthening physical, institutional and people-to-people connectivity among all countries.
The least developed countries, landlocked developing countries, small island developing states and middle-income countries
deserve special attention to remove bottlenecks of development and achieve effective connectivity.
11. We endeavor to expand people-to-people exchanges, promote peace,
justice, social cohesion, inclusiveness, democracy, good governance, the rule of law, human rights, gender equality and women
empowerment; work together to fight against corruption and bribery in all their forms; to be more responsive to all the needs
of those in vulnerable situations such as, children, persons with disabilities and older persons; and help improve global
economic governance, and ensure equal access by all to development opportunities and benefits.
12. We are determined to protect the planet from degradation, including
through taking urgent action on climate change and encouraging all parties which have ratified it to fully implement the Paris
Agreement, managing the natural resources in an equitable and sustainable manner, conserving and sustainably using oceans
and seas, freshwater resources, as well as forests, mountains and drylands, protecting biodiversity, ecosystems and wildlife,
combating desertification and land degradation so as to achieving sustainable development in its three dimensions in a balanced
and integrated manner.
13. We encourage the
involvement of governments, international and regional organizations, the private sector, civil society and citizens in fostering
and promoting friendship, mutual understanding and trust.
We uphold the spirit of peace, cooperation, openness, transparency, inclusiveness, equality, mutual learning, mutual benefit
and mutual respect by strengthening cooperation on the basis of extensive consultation and the rule of law, joint efforts,
shared benefits and equal opportunities for all. In this context we highlight the following principles guiding our cooperation,
in accordance with our respective national laws and policies:
a) Consultation on an equal footing: Honoring the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and international
law including respecting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of countries; formulating cooperation plans and advancing
cooperation projects through consultation.
Mutual benefit: Seeking convergence of interests and the broadest common ground for cooperation, taking into account the perspectives
of different stakeholders.
c) Harmony and
inclusiveness: Acknowledging the natural and cultural diversity of the world and recognizing that all cultures and civilizations
can contribute to sustainable development.
Market-based operation: Recognizing the role of the market and that of business as key players, while ensuring that the government
performs its proper role and highlighting the importance of open, transparent, and non-discriminatory procurement procedures.
e) Balance and sustainability: Emphasizing the importance
of economic, social, fiscal, financial and environmental sustainability of projects, and of promoting high environmental standards,
while striking a good balance among economic growth, social progress and environmental protection.
15. We affirm the need to prioritize policy consultation, trade promotion,
infrastructure connectivity, financial cooperation and people-to-people exchanges, and we highlight concrete actions, in accordance
with our national laws and regulations and international obligations where applicable, such as:
a) Pursuing dialogue and consultation in order to build synergies in
development strategies among participating countries, noting the efforts to strengthen cooperation in coordinating development
of the Belt and Road Initiative with other plans and initiatives as mentioned in Paragraph 6 and to promote partnerships among
Europe, Asia, South America, Africa and other regions.
b) Conducting in-depth consultation on macroeconomic issues by optimizing the existing multilateral and bilateral
cooperation and dialogue mechanisms, so as to provide robust policy support for practical cooperation and the implementation
of major projects.
c) Strengthening cooperation
on innovation, by supporting innovation action plans for e-commerce, digital economy, smart cities and science and technology
parks, and by encouraging greater exchanges on innovation and business startup models in the Internet age in respect of intellectual
d) Promoting practical cooperation
on roads, railways, ports, maritime and inland water transport, aviation, energy pipelines, electricity, fiber optic including
trans-oceanic cable, telecommunications and information and communication technology, and welcoming the development of interconnected
multimodal corridors, such us a new Eurasian Land Bridge, Northern Sea Route, the East-West Middle Corridor etc., and major
trunk lines to put in place an international infrastructure network over time.
e) Maximizing synergies in infrastructure planning and development by taking into account international
standards where applicable, and by aiming at harmonizing rules and technological standards when necessary; fostering a favorable
environment and predictability for infrastructure investment by private capital; promoting public-private partnership in areas
that create more jobs and generate greater efficiency; welcoming international financial institutions to increase support
and investment for infrastructure development.
Deepening economic and trade cooperation; upholding the authority and effectiveness of the multilateral trading system, and
working together to achieve positive outcomes at the 11th WTO ministerial conference; promoting trade and investment liberalization
and facilitation; enabling the general public to benefit from trade.
g) Expanding trade by nurturing new areas of trade growth, promoting trade balance and promoting
e-commerce and digital economy, welcoming the development of free trade areas and signing of free trade agreements by interested
h) Advancing global value chains
development and supply chain connectivity, while ensuring safer work places and strengthening social protection systems; increasing
two-way investment, and enhancing cooperation in emerging industries, trade and industrial parks and cross-border economic
i) Enhancing cooperation in ensuring
the protection of the environment, of bio-diversity and of natural resources, in addressing the adverse impacts of climate
change, in promoting resilience and disaster-risk reduction and management, and in advancing renewable energy and energy efficiency.
j) Regarding the process of customs clearance, strengthening
cooperation on information exchange and on developing mutual recognition of control, mutual assistance of enforcement, and
mutual sharing of information; enhancing customs cooperation with a view to facilitating trade including by harmonizing procedures
and reducing costs, and in this regard, strengthening cooperation in protecting intellectual property rights.
k) Jointly working on a long-term, stable and sustainable
financing system; enhancing financial infrastructure connectivity, by exploring new models and platforms of investment and
financing and improving financial services; assessing the opportunity to better serve local financial market; and encouraging
development-oriented financial institutions to play an active role and strengthen cooperation with multilateral development
l) Contributing to a stable
and equitable international financial system; promoting openness and connectivity among financial markets, including through
mutual cooperation on payment systems and the promotion of financial inclusion; encouraging financial institutions to establish
commercial presence in relevant countries and regions; promoting bilateral local currency settlement and cooperation agreements,
and facilitating the development of local currency bonds and stock markets; encouraging dialogues to enhance financial cooperation
and fend off financial risks.
people-to-people exchanges and bonds by deepening practical cooperation on education, science, technology, sport, health,
think-tank, media, capacity building including through internships.
n) Encouraging dialogues among civilizations, cultural exchanges, promoting tourism and protecting
the world's cultural and natural heritage.
Vision for the Future
16. Our joint
endeavor on the Belt and Road Initiative and seeking complementarities with other connectivity initiatives provide new opportunities
and impetus for international cooperation. It helps to work for a globalization that is open, inclusive and beneficial to
17. We reiterate that promoting peace,
mutually-beneficial cooperation,and honoring the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and international law are our shared
responsibilities; achieving inclusive and sustainable growth and development, and improving people's quality of life are our
common goals; creating a prosperous and peaceful community with shared future for mankind is our common aspiration.
18. We congratulate China on successfully hosting the
Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation.
Facintaing review of 4 chinese cities shanghai, chongqing ruili qiwu
A total of 15 cities have joined the club of China's new first-tier cities due
to their commercial charm, according to a report by the China Business Network (CBN) Co Ltd.
The ranking, released by CBNweekly magazine on May 7, assesses commercial attraction of 338 cities based on
five indicators: concentration of commercial resources, city's pivotability,citizen vitality, variety of lifestyle, and
flexibility in the future.
The list includes four first-tier cities (Beijing,
Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen), 15 new first-tier cities, 30 second-tier cities, 70 third-tier cities, 90 fourth-tier cities
and 129 fifth-tier cities.
Let's take a look at China's 15 new first-tier
Photo taken on Aug 25, 2016 shows the Hangzhou Olympic Sports Center in the Binjiang district of Hangzhou,
capital of East China's Zhejiang province.[Photo/Xinhua]
Visitors enjoy blooming sakura in Wuhan University in Hubei province, March 18, 2017. [Photo/VCG]
The ferris wheel called the Tianjin Eye is reflected on the Haihe river at sunset. [Photo/VCG]
A little girl eats sugarcoated haws on her father's shoulder on the Nanjing Qinhuai Lantern Festival
in Jiangsu province on Jan 27, 2017. [Photo/VCG]
The night view of Southwest China's Chongqing municipality on May 1, 2017.[Photo/VCG]
People take pictures for the Terra Cotta Warriors in Shaanxi History Museum, on June 12, 2014.[Photo/VCG]
China's first permanent magnet subway train, which saves up to 30 percent energy compared to traditional
trains, goes into service in Changsha, Hunan province, on August 29, 2016. [Photo/VCG]
Boats races during the Extreme Sailing Series Qingdao 2016 on April 30, 2016 in Qingdao, Shandong
A man captures rime at a park beside a river in Shenyang, Liaoning province, December 15, 2016. [Photo/VCG]
This photo taken on July 5, 2014 shows luxury yachts lined up at a boat show at the port in the northeastern
Chinese city of Dalian, Liaoning province. [Photo/VCG]
A couple poses for engagement photos on a beach in Xiamen, Fujian province on October 25, 2013. [Photo/VCG]
The Panmen scenic area, one of the key projects operated by the Suzhou Culture and Tourism Development
Group, is the largest cultural tour site in the city, Jiangsu province.[Photo provided to China Daily]
The Ningbo-Zhoushan Port in Zhejiang province is one of the busiest in the world in terms of cargo
tonnage.[Photo provided to China Daily]
The Ancient Canal runs through the city Wuxi, Jiangsu province. ZHOU YE / FOR CHINA DAILY
... will pay an official visit to China from May 13 to 17 during
his attendance at the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation.
... will pay an official visit to China from May 12 to 16 during
his attendance at the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation.
... Jinping, President Mauricio Macri of the Republic of Argentina
will attend the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation and pay a state visit
...t Jeria of the Republic of Chile will pay a state visit to
China and attend the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation from May 12 to
...oyev of the Republic of Uzbekistan is coming to China for a
state visit and the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation from May 11 to
...he Socialist Republic of Vietnam will pay a state visit to
China and attend the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation from May 11 to
...ion to help advance economic transformation at home. Under
the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative, we took active steps to strengthen complementarity
...a and Kazakhstan achieved fruitful outcomes from the joint
construction of the “Belt and Road”, and the scale and quality of bilateral cooperation
stepped into ...
... promote greater development of bilateral relations. Zhang
Gaoli said that the "Belt and Road" Initiative proposed by President Xi Jinping
features openness and...
... Commission Wang Xiaotao briefed on relevant situation of related
events of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation (BRF) and answered questions
On April 18, 2017, when answering questions at the briefing for
Chinese and foreign media held by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs over the Belt and
Road Forum f...
On April 18, 2017, when answering question on how many countries
were included in the "Belt and Road" from the journalist at the briefing for Chinese
On April 18, 2017, Foreign Minister Wang Yi announced at a briefing
for Chinese and foreign media held by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the Belt and
...th sides should speed up the integration of development strategies
such as the "Belt and Road" and the "Two Corridors and One Ring", further
consolidate the soc...
...ne, focus on advancing cooperation in such areas as joint-constructions
of the "Belt and Road" and the "Two Corridors and One Ring", investment,
...out practical cooperation under the framework of the joint
construction of the “Belt and Road”. China will hold the International Cooperation
Summit Forum on th...
...o an important cooperation partner of China in Central and
Eastern Europe. The "Belt and Road" initiative proposed by President Xi Jinping
has received active s...
...ted out that China will host the International Cooperation
Summit Forum on the “Belt and Road” Initiative from May 14 to 15 this year in
Beijing. China regards ...
...oodward, exchanging views on the International Cooperation
Summit Forum on the "Belt and Road" Initiative, preparation of the G20 Hamburg
Summit and other topic...
...operation. China appreciates Myanmar's active support and participation
in the "Belt and Road" initiative, and is willing to, together with Myanmar, enhance
...olitical mutual trust, integrate development strategies, jointly
construct the "Belt and Road", enhance people-to-people and cultural exchanges,
... of Jakarta-Bandung High-speed Railway(JBHR), an important
early harvest of the Belt and Road Initiative. The ceremony was attended by Chinese
Ambassador to Ind...
...ussed the latest development policies of the two countries,
especially China's "Belt and Road" and "Made in China 2025", as well
as "Thailand's 4.0" and the "Ea...
...e the opportunity of China's development, make good use of
the platform as "One Belt and One Road", and China-SEEC Cooperation ("16+1
Cooperation") and fully pr...
...ution of the CBBC and its members. Last year, the CBBC issued
the China-Britain Belt and Road Case Studies Report and the Report on "Made in
China 2025". You al...
...ogress in environmental protection and governance. Q: Today,
China's official Belt and Road website went online. Could you confirm which foreign
leaders will ...
...request. Both sides exchanged views on China’s cooperation
with the ESCAP, the “Belt and Road” initiative, the implementation of the UN
2030 Agenda for Sustaina...
...trialization dream come true. In May this year, China will
host in Beijing the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, which aims to
discuss ways to...
...g to take place in 2017: From 14th to 15th of May, China is
going to hold the "Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation" in Beijing,
in which Greek Pr...
...ith LMC, jointly build the LMC corridor, make LMC an important
platform for the Belt and Road initiative, contribute more to the development of Mekong
... media registration system and the official website of the
media center for the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation (BRF) will be
open on March 10...
...t Xi Jinping proposed the initiative of jointly building the
Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road in 2013, which gained
...d to expand the rank of professionals strong in innovation.
Keeping in mind the Belt and Road Initiative, China will encourage and support Chinese
...y into regional cooperation. The International Cooperation
Summit Forum on the "Belt and Road" Initiative will be held in Beijing this May,
which will focus on ...
...nsus reached by leaders of both countries and strengthen cooperation
under the "Belt and Road" framework to elevate pragmatic cooperation between both
sides to ...
...portance to bilateral relations, and is willing to actively
participate in the "Belt and Road" initiative, and support the construction of
major projects such a...
...anka relations. Regarding Sri Lanka as an important cooperation
partner of the “Belt and Road” initiative, China is willing to comprehensively
deepen bilateral ...
... momentum of bilateral relations. China has been comprehensively
advancing the "Belt and Road" construction, and Maldives is now implementing the
...ched important consensus on advancing cooperation in various
fields within the "Belt and Road" framework. Maldives is satisfied with the progress
On February 17, 2017, Assistant Foreign Minister Liu Haixing attended
the Czech Year on Belt and Road Opening Ceremony held by the Czech Embassy in China
...italization and become an inseparable community. That is why
the Initiative of "Belt and Road", put forward by Chinese President Xi Jinping,
has won warm respon...
...s great importance to developing its relations with China and
supports China's "Belt and Road" initiative. He expects to push bilateral relations
for constant d...
...and technological capabilities and especially the steady advancement
of the One Belt and One Road Initiative, Chinese enterprises have remarkably fastened
...ures including Mayor of capital city to inspect Chinese market,
publicized "One Belt One Road" strategy, "16+1"cooperation and opportunity
for international cap...
...sident Xi Jinping announced last month in Davos that China
is going to host the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in May this year.
He also said...
...come an important force to advance globalization. China will
jointly build the "Belt and Road" with Middle East countries, so as to contribute
to the integratio...
... Xi Jinping announced an important agenda for 2017. China is
going to host the "Belt and Road" Forum for International Cooperation in May. ·
I hope that in the ...
...oad for friendship, and for mutual learning among different
civilizations. 'The Belt and Road' initiative China put forward three years ago, which
covers five a...
...learning among different civilizations. Three years ago, China
put forward "the Belt and Road" initiative, which has wakened up the vigor
of the ancient Silk Ro...
...el to Beijing in May for a high-level forum on international
cooperation of the Belt and Road initiative and looks forward to having another meeting
“new Silk Road” initiative aims to link the economies of Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and Africa—but Beijing
would really like the US to get on board.
ALL AZERBAIJAN BANGLADESH INDIA INDONESIA KAZAKHSTAN MYANMAR OMAN PAKISTAN REPUBLIC
OF GEORGIA REPUBLIC OF PHILIPPINES SRI LANKA TAJIKISTAN
ALL ENERGY TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE WATER URBAN MULTI-SECTOR
India: Amaravati Sustainable
Capital City Development Project
The development objective of the Project is to build sustainable urban services and capacity of urban institutions
for the development of Amaravati Capital City.READ MORE
Tajikistan: Nurek Hydropower Rehabilitation Project, Phase I
The rehabilitation of Nurek hydropower
plant will be rehabilitated in two phases. The phased approach is due to unavailability of the total financing required to
complete all rehabilitation works.READ MORE
Georgia: Batumi Bypass Road Project
REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA
The Project will construct a new two-lane
14.3 km long highway to provide a bypass to the Batumi port city (second largest city in Georgia). The road will be constructed
on a new alignment, which passes through a number of mountainous settlements.READ MORE
India: Gujarat Rural Roads (MMGSY) Project
This component includes construction and upgradation of NPR, construction of missing links
(last mile connecting to the road network) and missing structures (culverts and small bridges),construction of approach roads
to educational institutions and construction and upgradation of roads passing through tribal areas.READ MORE
India: Mumbai Metro Line 4 Project
The Project will provide environmental friendly, safe and high-capacity North-South connectivity
through a modern metro system between Mumbai and Thane district. The primary beneficiaries are the commuters that travel along
the corridor, and the secondary beneficiaries are the residents and commercial establishments situated along the corridor.
The expected results of the Project are improvement of the overall mobility of urban population and further economic growth
through better connectivity.READ MORE
India: India Infrastructure Fund
The Fund’s investment strategy is to invest in infrastructure platforms
and infrastructure services companies with high growth potential that derive their revenues principally from India.READ
India: Madhya Pradesh Rural Connectivity Project
The objective of the Project is to improve rural accessibility through resilient
infrastructure and enhance capacity of MPRRDA to manage MP’s rural road network.READ MORE
Sri Lanka: Mahaweli Water Security Investment Program - Tranche 2 Project
The Project (i.e., Tranche 2 of the Mahaweli Water Security Investment Program)
tentatively consists of the following components: Component 1: Construction of Canals and Tunnels.READ
This component includes
(i) construction of 28 km tunnels (out of which 20 km tunnel using tunnel boring machine and eight km tunnel using New Austrian
Tunneling Method); (ii) construction of nine km canal works including eight km tunnels using New Austrian Tunneling Method;
and (iii) construction of approximately 14 km canal works, including heightening the level crossings of three existing dams.
Philippines: Metro Manila Flood Management Project
REPUBLIC OF PHILIPPINES
will focus on about 56 potentially critical drainage areas with an approximate land area of 11,100 ha or over 17 percent of
the total area of Metro Manila.READ MORE
Georgia: 280 MW Nenskra Hydropower Plant
The AIIB (the "Bank") is considering provision of debt financing
for the development, construction and operation of a greenfield hydropower plant (280 MW) located in the Svaneti Region, northwestern
part of Georgia. The Project will be constructed under Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) turnkey contract by
a contractor who was selected through a process using international competitive bidding.READ MORE
India: Transmission System Strengthening Project
The Project will enhance the capacity of electricity supply in the Southern
Region of the Country.READ MORE
Kazakhstan: 40 MW Gulshat PV Solar Power Plant Project
The Project will increase the renewable
energy capacity of Kazakhstan in the country’s remote populations and reduce the dependence of the coal burnt generation
to meet increasing demand. Being located in the south of Kazakhstan, which is characterized by electricity supply gaps, the
Project will help to decrease the region’s deficit.READ MORE
Also called “One
Belt, One Road” (OBOR), the initiative involves expensive infrastructure projects—led by Chinese state-owned companies—in
dozens of nations. The US has much to offer, and as part of a trade deal (paywall) with China announced last week, the Trump administration agreed to send one of its top Asia experts, Matthew
Pottinger, a National Security Council official, to a two-day OBOR summit just completed in Beijing.
His presence amounted to a nod from the US. Recent pieces in China’s state-controlled
media hint at why that’s so important to Beijing:
the current international framework, the US is leading international organizations like the United Nations, the World Bank,
and the International Monetary Fund,” read a commentary (link in Chinese) in Xiakedao, a WeChat account run by the People’s Daily. “This is like a date, when a
girl says yes to dinner and a movie—there will be further development possibilities.”
It goes on:
estimated that $1.7 trillion would be required for annual infrastructure investments on nations involved in OBOR, but the
three [funding] institutions involved—the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the New Development Bank, and the Silk
Road Fund—only have capital totaling $240 billion. The US can help advocate OBOR in key fundraising areas.”
The US can also help deal with “security and geopolitical challenges”
in the implementation of OBOR, noted a commentary in the Global Times. For instance, India has some issues with the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, an OBOR land-corridor project (with a $46 billion investment from China) that
partially runs through contested territory in Kashmir.
“Washington’s participation in the Belt and Road initiative
will have knock-on effects, encouraging its allies to see the initiative from a more rational and objective perspective, and
thus help win Beijing and its infrastructure projects more international understanding and influence.”
The US economy will also benefit from OBOR, suggested Chinese state media.
The US should be “a stakeholder in the initiative,” read a column in the Global Times, as joining it would “deliver benefits to American companies and help increase job opportunities
within the country.”
America “has a lot to gain by participating
in the Belt and Road,” said an opinion piece in the People’s Daily. It should “embrace China’s progress in regional integration and seize the opportunity.”
The presence of Pottinger no doubt cheered Beijing, which
had difficulty luring top leaders to the summit—of the 64 OBOR nations that could have sent their heads of state, only 20 chose to do so.
Read next: Your guide to understanding OBOR, China’s new Silk Road plan